Treat Dizziness

Treat Dizziness

There can be several different causes of dizziness, from something as benign as orthostatic hypotension to something as severeĀ as brain cancer. Therefore, patients suffering from persistent dizziness should see a health care professional. One of the causes of dizziness is vertigo. There are two main types of vertigo: cervicogenic and Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV). Both of these conditions can be treated by chiropractic.

Before cervicogenic vertigo is explained, it is important to go over the anatomy and physiology involved. The joints in the neck have one of the highest densities of proprioceptors in the human body. Proprioceptors are sensory nerves that tell the brain where a particular joint or population of joints, in this case the neck, is in space. The information that the proprioceptors receive converges with the information that the inner ear receives about the position of the head in space. Generally, this information correlates and the brain has a clear indication of where the head and neck are in relation to each other. However, when the joints of the neck are not moving properly the proprioceptors can get under or over stimulated, and the brain gets conflicting information from the neck and inner ear resulting in dizziness.

Most of the time cervicognic vertigo responds very well and very fast to chiropractic treatment because motion is restored to the joints and the proprioceptors are allowed to reset.

In contrast to cervicogenic vertigo, BPPV occurs when the inner ear sends bad information to the brain. The inner ear has three curved tubes called semi-circular canals. These canals are filled with fluid that moves according to the movement of the head. Sensory nerves that relay the information to the brain, allowing it to determine what direction and how fast the head is moving, monitor the fluid movement. Cells line the semi-circular canals. These cells are periodically sloughed off and sometimes get stuck inside one or more of the canals. When these cells get stuck, they cause BPPV because they change the dynamics of the fluid.

There is a treatment we use that allows the cells to move out of the canals and be reabsorbed by the body. This treatment consists of placing the head in a series of different positions to allow the cells to flow out of the canals stopping the vertigo.

Disclaimer: Please keep in mind that this information is only for general knowledge; it is not to be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment.